Photography Courtesy WikiCommons
“Be it known that I, Milton Bradley, of Springfield, in the county of Hampden and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented a new Social Game…
The game, as here arranged, is called ‘the checkered game of life,’ and, in addition to the amusement and excitement of the game, it is intended to forcibly impress upon the minds of youth the great moral principles of virtue and vice.” United States Patent Office Patent # 53,561
Milton Bradley “invented” the Checkered Game of Life in 1860 after dropping out of Harvard and going into business for himself. He bought a printing press. His first big venture was a lithograph of a clean-shaven Abraham Lincoln. When Honest Abe grew a beard, it didn’t sell. A friend invited Milton over one night for a board game to lift his spirits. He decided to print one up. 45,000 copies sold the first year.
In the Checkered Game of Life, you start out in Infancy, and the first person to get to Happy Old Age with 100 points wins.
Union soldiers took a pocket version into the battlefield with them during the Civil War. Happy Old Age looked pretty good on the battlefield. I do not know what Confederate soldiers played.
Image from a 2003 Board Games Exhibit at the New York Historical Society. Courtesy About.com
Happy Old Age was worth 50 points. Getting there was half the game – the other half was how you got there. Avoid gambling, which leads to ruin; intemperance, which leads to poverty; idleness, which leads to disgrace; and crime, which leads to prison. You don’t get any points for those, and prison makes you lose a turn. Cupid will get you to Matrimony, but Matrimony doesn’t get you any points. Perseverence leads to success, and that’s worth five points; school leads to college, another five points; honesty leads to happiness, also worth five points; politics will lead you to Congress, five points; Influence leads to Fat Office, which is five points too; and a Government Contract leads to Wealth, which is worth ten points. The Government Contract square used to be a Speculation square, but that was a little too much like gambling.
In the Checkered Game of Life, there is a square called Truth.
Truth is not a destination, nor does it lead you anywhere. If you land on the Suicide square, you’re out of the game. Yeah. There’s a Suicide square.
Image Courtesy Museum of Play
On the 100th anniversary of the Milton Bradley Company, The Game of Life was redesigned.
That’s the one I played. You start out with a gender, a convertible, and $2500. Then you choose between business and college. College takes longer, but it is worth it, because you will always get paid more than a businessman, even if you don’t have a job. This might have surprised Milton Bradley.
Getting Married gets you presents. Cash presents.
When you land in one of the spaces where a child is born, you add a blue or pink peg to your car. Children don’t cost you anything, so have as many as you like. Every time you add a child you get to collect $500 from each of your opponents. “If you get more than four children just crowd them in as you do in real life.” Direct quote.
On the Day of Reckoning – do not confuse this with Judgment Day – you cash in your insurance policies and stocks, and trade in your kids for money – each of them is worth $24,000 – and pay back all your promissory notes. No one cares whether you reach Happy Old Age. The destination is Millionaire Acres, and the player with the most money wins.
In the Game of Life I played, bankruptcy was the worst thing that can happen to you. There was no Suicide square. There was no Truth square either. But there was Art Linkletter.
Art Linkletter “heartily endorsed” the Game of Life.
His signature was on all the money, and his picture was on the $100,000 bill. Milton Bradley’s picture was only on the $50,000 bill.
Image Courtesy Geocaching.Com
But hey. Art Linkletter finished college. Didn’t use the degree because radio – and then TV – paid better, but he finished college. That trumped the fact that he worked here as an illegal immigrant until 1942. If you’re Canadian, and Art Linkletter, you can apparently pay a $500 fee and correct this. You can write your autobiography – Confessions of a Happy Man – at 48 and become a Disney Legend. You can have five children – “just crowd them in, as you do in real life” – land in Millionaire Acres and live to the Happy Old Age of 97 and a half, married to the same woman for almost 75 years.
Milton Bradley would have liked Art Linkletter.
If it hadn’t been for the child who landed on the Suicide square, and the child who landed on the Car Crash square, and the child who landed on the Cancer square – he’d probably tell you he won both games.
– Told at the SlamMN May 2013 for the theme “Game”
Note: This post was influenced in particular by a marvelous lecture given by Jill Lepore of Harvard University which is available on YouTube. If you liked this post, you really need to give a look and a listen to Jill.